Crabbing in Texas: Know the Law, Get Your License Today!

Crabbing in Texas: Know the Law, Get Your License Today!

Crabbing in Texas: Know the Law, Get Your License Today! offers a unique and engaging outdoor activity for both locals and visitors. With its vast coastline and abundant crab species, Texas provides an excellent opportunity for crabbing enthusiasts to catch delicious blue and stone crabs. To ensure a successful and enjoyable crabbing experience, it’s essential to understand the regulations, obtain the necessary licenses, and follow best practices.

Licensing and Regulations

In Texas, anyone taking or attempting to take crabs or ghost shrimp from saltwater for non-commercial purposes is required to have a valid fishing license and a saltwater fishing endorsement. Licenses and endorsements can be purchased from the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. It’s crucial to follow the state’s regulations regarding crab size limits, daily bag limits, and the use of certain types of crab traps to ensure the sustainability of crab populations and protect the environment.

For blue crabs, there is no daily bag limit, but there is a 5-inch minimum body width as measured from spine to spine. It is illegal to keep female crabs with eggs, also known as “sponge” crabs. For stone crabs, there is no daily bag limit, but only the right claw may be retained or possessed, and it must be at least 2 ½ inches in length (measured from the tip of the claw to the first joint behind the immovable claw). The body of the stone crab must be immediately returned to the water from which it was taken.

Legal devices for crabbing in Texas include crab lines, crab traps, nets, folding panel traps, sand pumps, and umbrella nets. When crabbing, it’s essential to use the right bait, such as fresh fish, chicken, or razor clams. Crabbing is typically more successful during the summer and fall months when the water temperature is above 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

It is important to note that there are no daily bag or possession limits for blue or stone crabs. However, blue crabs must be at least 5 inches across the widest part of their body to be kept. Stone crabs must have a claw length of at least 2 ½ inches.

By following these guidelines and adhering to local regulations, you can enjoy a fun and rewarding crabbing experience in Texas. Remember to prioritize safety and conservation while engaging in this activity.

Crabbing in Texas
Crabbing in Texas

Crabbing Locations in Texas

Crabbing is a popular pastime in Texas, with numerous locations offering excellent opportunities for catching blue crabs. Here are some of the top spots:

  • W.C. Britton Park, Baytown, TX: This park offers public piers, perfect for crabbing. It’s a great spot for beginners or those without a boat.
  • Galveston Island State Park, Galveston, TX: Known for its diverse wildlife, this state park is a prime location for crabbing. The park spans from East Beach to the west end of the island, offering several fishing piers for setting traps in slightly deeper waters.
  • The Texas City Dike, Texas City, TX: This location is a favorite among locals for crabbing. It offers a variety of spots, from shorelines to bridges, each offering a unique crabbing experience.
  • Sylvan Beach, La Porte, TX: This beach is another excellent location for crabbing, with its sandy shores and clear waters attracting a variety of marine life.
  • 61st Street Fishing Pier, Galveston, TX: This fishing pier is a popular spot for crabbing. Its location allows for deeper crabbing, increasing the chances of a successful catch.

Crabbing Gear and Techniques

When it comes to crabbing, using the right gear and techniques can significantly increase your chances of success. Here are some legal devices for crabbing in Texas:

  • Crab Lines
  • Crab Traps
  • Nets
  • Folding Panel Traps
  • Sand Pumps
  • Umbrella Nets

When choosing bait, fresh fish, chicken, or razor clams are often the most effective. It’s also worth noting that crabs are more active and likely to be caught when the water temperature is above 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Important Regulations

While crabbing is a fun and rewarding activity, it’s essential to be aware of the regulations in place to protect the crab population and the ecosystem. For instance, it’s unlawful to place a crab trap or portion thereof closer than 100 feet from any other crab trap, except when traps are secured to a pier or dock. Additionally, you may not fish a crab trap in public freshwater waters or within 200 feet of a marked navigable channel in Aransas County.

When using crabs as bait, it’s important to note that not more than 5% by number, of undersized blue crabs may be possessed for bait purposes only and must be placed in a separate container.

Best Time for Crabbing

While you can go crabbing in Texas year-round, the most successful times are typically during the late spring and early fall. This is when the water temperature is between 70 and 75 degrees, which is when crabs are most active. However, during February each year, there is a ten-day crab trap closure where it is unlawful to place, fish, or leave a crab trap or crab trap component in the coastal waters of the state.

Safety Tips

When crabbing, it’s important to prioritize safety. Some essential safety tips include:

  • Maintaining your boat and ensuring it’s in good working order
  • Informing someone of your crabbing plans, including location and expected duration
  • Checking weather conditions and water temperature before setting out
  • Being aware of off-shore winds, shoreline conditions, and currents
  • Wearing appropriate clothing, such as layers and sun protection
  • Staying hydrated and packing plenty of food and water

By following these guidelines and adhering to local regulations, you can enjoy a fun and rewarding crabbing experience in Texas.


Who needs a crabbing license in Texas?
Anyone age 17 and older who is intending to catch blue crabs in Texas needs to have a valid crabbing license.

How much does a crabbing license cost in Texas?
The crabbing license fee for Texas residents is $10, and for non-residents, it is $16.

What is the daily limit for blue crabs in Texas?
The daily limit for blue crabs in Texas is 5 dozen per person or 30 crabs, whichever is less. It’s essential to follow the daily limit and only keep the legal-sized crabs to help maintain the crab population and ocean conservation efforts.

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