Step-by-Step Guide to Obtaining a Commercial Fishing License in Louisiana

Step-by-Step Guide to Obtaining a Commercial Fishing License in Louisiana

If you want to start a commercial fishing business in Louisiana, one of the first and most important steps is obtaining the proper licenses and permits. The process can seem complex, with various requirements depending on the type of fishing you plan to do. This comprehensive guide breaks down everything you need to know to successfully navigate the licensing process and get your commercial fishing operation up and running in Louisiana.

Understanding Louisiana’s Commercial Fishing License Types

Louisiana offers several different types of commercial fishing licenses, each with its own specific requirements and privileges:

  1. Commercial Fisherman License: Required for anyone who wants to harvest and sell fish, including bait species, from Louisiana state waters. This is the most basic and essential license for commercial fishing operations.
  2. Freshwater Commercial Fishing License: Needed for commercial fishing activities in Louisiana’s freshwater areas, such as rivers, lakes, and bayous.
  3. Saltwater Commercial Fishing License: Required for commercial fishing in Louisiana’s saltwater areas, including coastal waters and the Gulf of Mexico.
  4. Senior Commercial Fishing License: A discounted license available to Louisiana residents aged 70 or older.
  5. Vessel License: Commercial fishing vessels must be licensed in addition to the individual fisherman licenses. Different vessel licenses are available based on factors like the vessel’s size and fishing area (freshwater or saltwater).
  6. Gear Licenses: Specific licenses are required for different types of commercial fishing gear, such as trotlines, hoop nets, slat traps, and more.

It’s crucial to determine which licenses you need based on the specifics of your planned fishing activities. The Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF) can provide guidance to ensure you obtain all necessary licenses.

Eligibility Requirements for a Louisiana Commercial Fishing License

To qualify for a commercial fishing license in Louisiana, applicants must meet certain criteria:

  • Age: You must be at least 16 years old to apply for a commercial license. Applicants under 18 may need parental consent.
  • Residency: License fees and some requirements vary depending on whether you are a Louisiana resident or non-resident. To qualify for resident licenses, you must have lived in Louisiana for at least 12 months and have a valid Louisiana driver’s license or voter’s registration.
  • Boat Registration: If using a vessel for commercial fishing, it must be registered with the state and have a valid Louisiana registration number.
  • Identification: A valid government-issued photo ID, such as a driver’s license or passport, is required when applying for a license.
  • Social Security Number: You must provide your Social Security Number or a valid federal tax ID number if applying as a business.

Gathering all necessary documents and information before beginning the application process can help it go more smoothly.

How to Apply for Your Louisiana Commercial Fishing License

Louisiana offers a few different ways to apply for a commercial fishing license:

  1. Online: Many commercial licenses, including renewals, can be conveniently purchased online through the LDWF website ( However, some licenses, such as those for first-time applicants or with recent regulatory changes, may not be available for online purchase.
  2. By Mail: You can download and print license applications from the LDWF website, then mail the completed form, along with required documents and payment, to the LDWF office in Baton Rouge.
  3. In Person: Visit the LDWF headquarters in Baton Rouge or one of the regional field offices during specified dates to apply for a license in person. Field office license sales are typically offered for a limited time before the start of each new license year.

When applying, be prepared to:

  • Provide all required personal information and documentation.
  • Select the specific license types you need.
  • Pay the applicable license fees via an accepted payment method (check, money order, cash in person, or credit card online).

Processing times vary depending on the application method, but licenses are typically issued within a few weeks. Once you receive your license, be sure to review it carefully to confirm all information is accurate.

Commercial Fishing License Fees

License fees for commercial fishing in Louisiana vary based on license type and residency status. Here are some common license fees as of the 2023 license year:

  • Resident Commercial Fisherman License: $55
  • Non-Resident Commercial Fisherman License: $460
  • Resident Senior Commercial License: $20
  • Resident Freshwater Commercial Fishing License: $25
  • Non-Resident Freshwater Commercial Fishing License: $100
  • Resident Vessel License: $15-$250 based on vessel length
  • Non-Resident Vessel License: $60-$1000 based on vessel length
  • Gear Licenses: $10-$25 for most gear types

Additional licenses, such as the Spotted Seatrout Permit or Shark Permit, may have additional fees. License fees are subject to change each year, so always check the LDWF website or contact their licensing office for the most current pricing.

Renewing Your Louisiana Commercial Fishing License

Commercial fishing licenses in Louisiana expire annually and must be renewed to continue legally fishing. The expiration date is typically the last day of the month based on the license holder’s birth month or the company’s formation month.

Renewal notices are sent out by the LDWF approximately 60 days before the expiration date. You can renew your license online, by mail, or in person using the same general process as when initially applying. Be sure to renew before the expiration date to avoid any lapse in your ability to fish commercially.

Additional Permits and Requirements for Specific Fisheries

In addition to the general commercial fishing licenses, some specific fisheries have additional permit or reporting requirements:

  • Federal Permits: If you plan to fish in federal waters or for federally-managed species like reef fish or sharks, you may need permits from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in addition to your state licenses.
  • Harvest Reporting: Some fisheries, such as the Gulf Seafood Traversing and Offloading Permit, require detailed harvest reporting and documentation.
  • Gear Restrictions: Certain species or fishing areas may have specific regulations on the type of gear that can be used, such as trap sizes or net mesh requirements.
  • Catch Limits and Seasons: Many commercial fisheries have strict catch quotas and defined seasons that must be adhered to.

It’s important to research the specific requirements for the fisheries you plan to target and ensure you are in full compliance with all relevant state and federal regulations.

Resources for Louisiana Commercial Fishermen

Navigating the world of commercial fishing licenses and regulations can be challenging, but there are resources available to help:

  • LDWF Website: The Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries website ( is a comprehensive resource for licensing information, forms, regulations, and updates.
  • LDWF Licensing Office: You can contact the LDWF licensing office directly by phone or email for assistance with any licensing questions or issues.
  • Louisiana Sea Grant: The Louisiana Sea Grant College Program ( offers a variety of resources and support for commercial fishermen, including educational materials, workshops, and assistance with regulatory compliance.
  • Industry Organizations: Joining a professional organization or association for your specific fishery can provide valuable networking opportunities, industry updates, and advocacy support.

By utilizing these resources and carefully following the licensing requirements, you can establish a solid foundation for a successful commercial fishing business in Louisiana’s abundant waters.


Obtaining the necessary licenses and permits is a critical first step in starting a commercial fishing operation in Louisiana. By understanding the different license types, eligibility requirements, and application process, you can ensure you have all the proper documentation to legally fish and sell your catch.

Remember to stay informed on any regulatory changes, renew your licenses promptly, and take advantage of the various resources available to support your commercial fishing endeavors. With careful planning and attention to licensing requirements, you can build a thriving fishing business in Louisiana’s rich and productive waters.

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